A name you may be more familiar with is Benedict Arnold. Although his name is infamous today because of a treasonous act against his country, when he stood on the shore of this pond in 1775, early in the American Revolutionary War, he was considered a rising star of the Continental Army.
Col. Arnold and another colonel with a familiar name, Ethan Allen, had successfully captured Fort Ticonderoga on Lake Champlain in New York. They followed this victory by proposing a plan to capture Quebec City in British-held Canada. Their hope was to convince French-speaking Canadians to join the fight against the British.
After first being turned down, Arnold eventually convinced the Continental Congress to support the mission. He assembled 1,100 troops and headed north through Massachusetts and Maine.
The march became more and more difficult as it followed the same 13-mile section the Appalachian Trail follows today. Arnold and his men encountered heavy rain, poor water quality, and dismal food. That may sound like a typical thru-hike, but for the soldiers in 1775 it was disastrous.
To make matters worse, letters written to report back to Gen. George Washington were intercepted by the British, tipping them off to the Americans' plans.
When Arnold's troops reached Canada, their numbers had dwindled to about 600 men, but they were joined by forces led by Richard Montgomery. The troops were ill-equipped and lacked the element of surprise. In the attack on Quebec and again later in Montreal, hundreds of Americans were killed and wounded. Many were captured, including Ethan Allen. The remaining men were forced to return to friendlier ground.
Arnold continued to serve with distinction until he became disgruntled about being passed over for a promotion and he betrayed his country.